During the period of mass migration (1880-1924), more than 20 million immigrants entered the U.S. Approximately 95,000 of these immigrants were from Greater Syria (present-day Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Palestine, and Israel). At this time, the majority of Arab countries were colonized by the Ottoman Empire, which ruled the Arab world from 1500-1917.

Political repression, economic instability, and war subsequently led many Arabs to come to the U.S. The majority of Arabs that came at this time were Lebanese/Syrian Christians. Many settled in cities such as New York, Boston, and Detroit, where textile, peddling, and automotive industries promised employment.

> Zammouri: The First Arabic Speaker in North America 
> Early Immigration
> Women and Immigration