Arab Americans - General

Ameri, Anan, and Dawn Ramey. Arab American Encyclopedia. Arab Community Center for Economic and Social Services (ACCESS). Detroit: U X L, 2000.

Arab American National Museum. Telling Our Story: The Arab American National Museum. Dearborn, MI: The Arab American National Museum, 2007.

Benson, Kathleen, and Phillip M Kayal, eds. A Community of Many Worlds: Arab Americans in New York City. Museum of the City of New York. New York: Museum of the City of New York; Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2002.

Kayyali, Randa. The Arab Americans. Greenwood Press: Westport, Conn., 2006.

Mandell, Joan. Arab American Road Movie. Video recording. Olive Branch Productions, 2005.
---. Tales from Arab Detroit. Video recording. Olive Branch Productions, 1995.

Naff, Alixa. Becoming American: The Early Arab Immigrant Experience. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1993.

Orfalea, Gregory. The Arab Americans: A History. Northampton, Mass: Olive Branch Press, 2006.
---. Before the Flames: A Quest for the History of Arab Americans. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1988.

Suleiman, Michael, ed. Arabs in America. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2000.
---. The Arab-American Experience in the United States and Canada: A Classified, Annotated Bibliography. Ann Arbor, MI: Pierian Press, 2006.

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Arab Americans - Identity

Abdulhadi, Rabab, Evelyn Alsultany, and Nadine Naber, eds. Arab and Arab American Feminisms: Gender, Violence, and Belonging. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2011.

Abraham, Nabeel, and Andrew Shryock. Arab Detroit: From Margin to Mainstream. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 2000.

Bayoumi, Moustafa. How Does It Feel to Be a Problem?: Being Young and Arab in America. New York: Penguin Press, 2008.

Gualtieri, Sara. Between Arab and White: Race and Ethnicity in the Early Syrian American Diaspora. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009.

Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck. Not Quite American?: The Shaping of Arab and Muslim Identity in the United States. Waco, Texas: Baylor University Press, 2004.

Scupin, Raymond, ed. Race and Ethnicity: An Anthropological Focus on the United States and the World. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 2003.

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Portrayals of Islam and Muslims

Esposito, John L., and Dalia Mogahed. Who Speaks for Islam? New York: Gallup Press, 2007.

Gottschalk, Peter, and Gabriel Greenberg. Islamophopia: Making Muslims the Enemy. Lanham, Maryland: Rowland and Littlefield, 2008.

Mamdani, Mahmood. Good Muslim, Bad Muslim: America, the Cold War, and the Roots of Terror. New York: Pantheon Books, 2004.

Nacos, Brigitte, and Oscar Torres-Reyna. Fueling our Fears: Stereotyping, Media Coverage, and Public Opinion of Muslim Americans. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc, 2006.

Razack, Sherene. Casting Out: the Eviction of Muslims from Western Law and Politics. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2007.

Said, Edward W. Covering Islam: How the Media and the Experts Determine How We See the Rest of the World. New York: Vintage Books, 1981.

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Orientalism – General

Caton, Steven. Lawrence of Arabia: A Film's Anthropology. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1999.

Davies, Kristian. The Orientalists: Western Artists in Arabia, the Sahara, Persia and India. New York: Lahyfaroh, 2005.

Edwards, Brain T. Morocco Bound: Disorienting America’s Maghreb, from Casablanca to the Marrakech Express. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2005.

Edwards, Holly, ed. Noble Dreams, Wicked Pleasures: Orientalism in America 1870-1930. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000.

Lacambre, Genevieve. The Orient in Western Art. Verlag, Germany: Konemann, 2001.

Little, Douglas. American Orientalism: The United States and the Middle East Since 1945. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2002.

Lockman, Zachary. Contending Visions of the Middle East: The History and Politics of Orientalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

McAlister, Melani. Epic Encounters: Culture, Media, and U.S. Interests in the Middle East since 1945. Updated ed. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005.

Peltre, Christine. Orientalism in Art. New York: Abbeville, 1998.

Edward Said. Orientalism. New York: Vintage Books, 1979.

Salaita, Steven. Anti-Arab Racism in the USA: Where it Comes From and What it Means for Politics Today. Ann Arbor: Pluto Press, 2006.

Shohat, Ella, and Robert Stam. Unthinking Eurocentrism: Multiculturalism and the Media. New York: Routledge, 1994.

Shohat, Ella. Taboo Memories, Diasporic Voices. Durham: Duke University Press, 2006.

Simon, Reeva S. The Middle East in Crime Fiction: Mysteries, Spy Novels and Thrillers from 1916 to the 1980s. New York: L. Barber Press, 1989.
---. Spies and Holy Wars: The Middle East in 20th-Century Crime Fiction. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2010.

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Orientalism – Portrayals of Women

Alloula, Malek. The Colonial Harem. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1986.

Eldin, Tania Kemal. Hollywood Harems. Video recording, New York: Women Make Movies, 1999.

Graham-Brown, Sarah. Images of Women: The Portrayal of Women in Photography of the Middle East, 1860-1950. New York: Columbia University Press, 1992.

Jarmakani, Amira. Imagining Arab Womanhood: The Cultural Mythology of Veils, Harems, and Belly Dancers in the U.S. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.

Kahf, Mohja. Western Representations of the Muslim Woman: From Termagant to Odalisque. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1999.

Royster, Francesca T. Becoming Cleopatra: The Shifting Images of an Icon. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2003.

Steet, Linda. Veils and Daggers: A Century of National Geographic’s Representation of the Arab World. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2000.

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Orientalism – Portrayals of Terrorism

Salloum, Jackie. Planet of the Arabs. Video recording, 2003.

Semmerling, Tim Jon. "Evil" Arabs in American Popular Film: Orientalist Fear. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2006.

Shaheen, Jack. Reel Bad Arabs: How Hollywood Vilifies a People. New York: Interlink Publishing Group, 2001.
---. Reel Bad Arabs. Video recording. Media Education Foundation, 2006.

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Orientalism – Holy Land & Egyptology

Davis, John. The Landscape of Belief: Encountering the Holy Land in Nineteenth-Century American Art and Culture. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996.

Long, Burke O. Imagining the Holy Land: Maps, Models, and Fantasy Travels. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2003.

Obenzinger, Hilton. American Palestine: Melville, Twain, and the Holy Land Mania. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1999.

Salaita, Steven. The Holy Land in Transit: Colonialism and the Quest for Canaan. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2006.

Trafton, Scott. Egypt Land: Race and Nineteenth-Century American Egyptomania. Durham: Duke University Press, 2004.

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Effects of September 11, 2001

Bakalian, Anny and Mehdi Bozorgmehr. Backlash 9/11: Middle Eastern and Muslim Americans Respond. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009.

Cainkar, Louise. Homeland Insecurity: The Arab American and Muslim American Experience After 9/11. New York: Russel Sage Foundation, 2009.

Maira, Sunaina. Missing: Youth Citizenship and Empire After 9/11. Durham: Duke University Press, 2009.

Naber, Nadine, and Amaney Jamal, eds. Race and Arab Americans Before and After 9/11: From Invisible Citizens to Visible Subjects. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2007.

Shaheen, Jack. Guilty: Hollywood’s Verdict on Arabs After 9/11. Northampton, Mass.: Olive Branch Press, 2008.

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Other Stereotyped Groups

Berg, Charles Ramirez. Latino Images in Film: Stereotypes, Subversion, and Resistance. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2002.

Berkhofer, Robert F. Jr. The White Man’s Indian: Images of the American Indian from Columbus to the Present. New York: Vintage, 1978.

Bogle, Donald. Toms, Coons, Mulattoes, Mammies & Bucks: An Interpretive History of Blacks in American Films. New York: Continuum International Publishing Group, 2001.

Deloria, Philip J. Playing Indian. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998.

Friedman, Lester D. Hollywood’s Image of the Jew. New York: Ungar, 1982.

Felsenstein, Frank. Anti-Semitic Stereotypes: A Paradigm of Otherness In English Popular Culture, 1660-1830. John Hopkins University Press, 1999.

Gray, Herman. Watching Race: Television and the Struggle for Blackness. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1995.

Hamamoto, Darrell Y. Monitored Peril: Asian Americans and the Politics of TV Representation. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1994.

Huhndorf, Shari M. Going Native: Indians in the American Cultural Imagination. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2001.

Lee, Robert G. Orientals: Asian Americans in Popular Culture. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1999.

Prasso, Sheridan. The Asian Mystique: Dragon Ladies, Geisha Girls, and Our Fantasies of the Exotic Orient. New York: Public Affairs, 2006.

Rodriguez, Clara E. Latin Looks: Images of Latinas and Latinos in the U.S. Media. Boulder: Westview Press, 1997.

Rollins, Peter C., and John E. O’Connor, eds. Hollywood’s Indian: The Portrayal of the Native American in Film. The University Press of Kentucky, 1998.

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Other Relevant Works

Bayoumi, Moustafa, and Andrew Rubin, eds. The Edward Said Reader. New York: Vintage, 2002.

Buel, James W. The Magic City. St. Louis: Historical Publishing Co., 1894.

Leider, Emily Wortis. Dark Lover: the Life and Death of Rudolph Valentino. London: Faber and Faber, 2004.

Rydell, Robert W. All the World’s a Fair: Visions of Empire at American International Expositions, 1876-1916. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1984.

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